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The Construction of Any Hypothesis Whatsoever is The Work Of Imagination. 

⚡单词解析 Hypothesis⚡

今天的Word Of The Day是一个学术上很常见的单词,如果你经常需要写论文的话,你对这个单词一定不陌生, 这个词就是 - Hypothesis.

Hypothesis (名词,发音是/haɪˈpɒθəsɪs/),它指的是一个或者一系列命题,在基于某种观察或者现象的基础上,提出的假设和想法。通常是用于引领某种学说的研究与探讨。

Hypothesis的复数形式是hypotheses。它的近义词有很多:theory理论, theorem原理, thesis论点, conjecture猜想, supposition推测, postulation假定, proposition议题, premise设想, assumption假设; notion概念, concept理念, idea观点, etc.

播放这段视频,一起来听听新闻里的Hypothesis吧!(这段报导提到了一段关于鸟类的研究)

⚡Hypothesis和Theory的区分⚡

很多人会觉得,既然都是命题和理论,那么hypothesistheory几乎就是同样的意思了吧。其实不然,他们还是有些不同的。

Hypothesis更多的是指一种假定,用于引导以后的探讨和研究,并在实验过程中探索它的真实性和可行性。在我们写论文的过程中,Hypothesis通常都是写在研究过程之前的。

而相反的,theory指的是一种已经经过研究和论证之后的,证据确凿的原理和理论。比如,the Big Bang Theory,地球大爆炸理论,就是真实的经过研究与试验之后得出的理论.

 

⚡例句赏析⚡

His hypothesis is that these systems will self-repair while carrying out a task.他的设想是,这些系统会在操作的过程中自我修复

In its place, she has developed a "fertility-opportunity hypothesis" which states that fertility follows perceived economic opportunity. 由此,她提出了关于生产力机会的假想,阐述了生产力和经济机遇之间的的从属关系

According to the competition hypothesis, less activation would result in better recall. 根据完成假设,更少的激活行为更带来更好的召回反应

The construction of any hypothesis whatsoever is the work of imagination. 任何假说的建立,都是基于想像之上

Their hypothesis is that watching excessive amounts of television reduces a person's ability to concentrate. 他们的命题是说,看过量的电视节目会减少人的专注能力

The results of the experiment did not support his hypothesis. 这个试验的结果并不支持他的假定

There are hypotheses: The poor often have a lower baseline of health and usually live in more crowded homes and neighborhoods. 来看这些命题:贫困人士通常有着更差的健康水平,而且居住在更拥挤的环境

 

⚡段落理解⚡

接下来呢,大家可以读一读以下几个小段落,看看Hypothesis在文中是如何使用的:

In contrast to Bingham's hypothesis that Machu Picchu was the birthplace of the first Inca and the hearth area of the Inca civilization, current scholars believe that the city was built as a country estate 

 

Campus veterans marvel at all the poolside apartments that have sprung up since Georgia popped the income cap off its merit awards. Professors are testing their hypothesis that instead of increasing college enrollment, the state's $1.7 billion scholarship program has been a blessing for the automobile industry—since so many families roll the savings into buying new cars.

 

Isaac Newton initially argued against a parabolic orbit for the … comet of 1680, preferring the hypothesis of two independent comets, one for the inbound and one for the outbound leg. However, Newton later showed that the orbit of the comet could indeed be fit by a parabola.

 

As stated, our working hypothesis suggests a straightforward way to look for evidence that would confirm or disconfirm it: can you predict what is omitted and what is included in alphabetic representations?


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